A grandfather and his two grandchildren

Childhood XLH symptoms

If you or another family member has XLH, you’re likely to know which symptoms to look out for. However, if no one else in your family has XLH, it may be harder to spot.

Symptoms

XLH is a lifelong condition that affects children from early in their lives.

A sign that alerts most parents and doctors to something being wrong is bowed legs or knock-knees. Knock-knees are where the knees come together because of outward bowing thighbones, or femurs. Leg bowing happens because children's bones are growing and much softer than adult bones.

Osteo-’ means bone, ‘malacia’ means softening

XLH causes the bones to become increasingly soft and when a child starts walking – between 6 and 18 months – their legs begin to bow under their weight. The degree of bowing varies from child to child, so even if your child is only mildly affected, it’s worth talking to a specialist doctor.

As well as leg bowing, other symptoms of XLH and their severity can vary widely from child to child. For example, it's possible your child might not have bowed legs, but they may experience some of the other symptoms, such as:

  • Osteomalacia (soft bones)
  • Big wrists and/or knees
  • Delayed growth (short stature)
  • A waddling gait
  • Teeth abscesses 
  • Bone, muscle or joint pain 
  • Unusual head shape
Read more Read less
 

Recognising XLH

If you or another member of your family has XLH, you’re likely to know which symptoms to look out for in your children. If you notice that your child’s legs are bowing and if you or another family member had similar symptoms as a child, then it's best to go and see your family doctor or a specialist, if you have one.

If no one else in your family has XLH (as in 30% of cases), it may be harder for you to spot the symptoms. If you think your child may have XLH, discuss your concerns with your healthcare team as soon as you're able.

Read more Read less

When to screen

The sooner a child with XLH is diagnosed the better because studies have shown that starting XLH treatment early is associated with better results. Therefore, it’s recommended that at-risk children should be tested for XLH at 1 month and then again at 3 and 6 months of age. The test involves looking at the amount of phosphorus in the child’s blood and urine. If the specialist doctor suspects XLH, he or she will probably perform an X-ray to be sure.

Read more Read less
 

Goals of treatment

The goals of treatment in children are to reduce bone pain, to make sure their bones are growing at the right speed, to correct any bowing in the legs and to help heal any bone damage.

Read more Read less

Welcome to
XLH Link

This website is specifically designed to provide information about X-Linked Hypophosphatemia (XLH) and assist with the correct assessment of the condition.
Please note that this website does not replace the role of a Healthcare Professional and it is always recommended that you seek professional medical advise if symptoms persist.

To continue to the website please select your country

If your country is not listed please go to the European page below

XLH Link

You are about to leave a Kyowa Kirin website

You are leaving the XLH Link website to a site that is not under the control of Kyowa Kirin. Kyowa Kirin is not responsible for the content of any such site or any further link from such site. Are you sure you want to continue?

Yes No

XLH Link - HCP Website

This Kyowa Kirin website is intended for Healthcare Professionals (HCPs) involved in the care of people with X-linked Hypophosphatemia (XLH).



Please confirm you are a healthcare professional

Yes, I am a healthcare professional No, I am not a healthcare professional
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best website experience. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.